Sumber : BBC News, South Asia, Page last updated at 00:55 GMT, Thursday, 2 October 2008 01:55 UK

India's Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, located 30km from Mumbai (Bombay)

The deal would give India access to US civilian nuclear technology

The US Senate has approved a nuclear deal with India, ending a three-decade ban on US nuclear trade with Delhi.

The 86-13 vote was the last legislative hurdle in a process that began when an agreement was reached in 2005.

The deal will give India access to US civilian nuclear technology and fuel in return for inspections of its civilian, but not military, nuclear facilities.

India says the accord is vital to meet its rising energy needs. Critics say it creates a dangerous precedent.

They say it effectively allows India to expand its nuclear power industry without requiring it to sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as other nations must.

The US restricted nuclear co-operation with India after it tested a nuclear weapon in 1974.

‘Bipartisan support’

The US House of Representatives passed the agreement on Saturday, and the Senate’s vote now means President Bush can sign it into law.